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Literatura gris y sus nuevos contextos

La comunicación científica desde hace muchos años se ha valido entre otras cosas de la literatura gris, como un medio no formal, pero efectivo para socializar el trabajo realizado por la comunidad científica; sin embargo, en el contexto de la sociedad de la información, este tipo de comunicación ha sufrido una gran tipificación y se han generado nuevas construcciones y modelos en torno a ella. Recientemente y gracias al uso de las TI (aunado al interés de los científicos por dar a conocer y enriquecer sus trabajos) la literatura gris se ha diversificado de manera muy rápida.

Conocemos el término literatura gris como un tipo de documentación que no se publica de manera formal como un libro o una revista, así por su naturaleza no formal se le han añadido adjetivos como “no convencional”, “semipublicada”, “fugitiva”, “escurridiza”, etc.

Charles P. Auger destaca que de la literatura gris no se encuentra fácilmente disponible a través de los canales normalizados de distribución bibliográfica, por lo que es muy difícil su identificación y su adquisición. Tibor Braun, por su parte, afirma que está formada tanto por contribuciones científicas como por materiales de carácter informativo y documental, que frecuentemente tienen valor de fuentes documentales.Estas definiciones se han transformado, así por ejemplo un grupo de trabajo especializado en literatura gris (GPO: Interagency Grey Literature Working Group ), la define actualmente como:

“material de la fuente, abierto o extranjero o doméstico que normalmente está disponible a través de los causes especializados y no puede entrar en los causes normales o sistemas de publicación, distribución, control bibliográfico o adquisición por libreros o agentes de suscripción”.

Sin duda, son documentos efímeros y perecederos que pueden ser cuestionados en cuanto a que no se ajustan a filtros o normas establecidos y por ende carecer de veracidad, sin mencionar el poco control que se tiene de ellos; aun con todo esto no dejan de ser importantes y de interés, por el contrario, han servido como canal de comunicación con las siguientes ventajas:

  • Pueden llegar a alcanzar a un público mucho mayor para el que fue concebida.
  • Rapidez en producir y dar a conocer el documento, e incluso destruirlo.
  • Proliferación de las publicaciones al popularizarse las posibilidades de publicar.
  • Acceso visual a la información.
  • Acceso a los datos.

A partir del uso del Internet se desarrollaron nuevas formas de literatura gris, por lo que existen diversas tipificaciones desde diferentes perspectivas, sin embargo las más utilizadas (sin tratar de excluir alguna), según Joaquín Rodríguez. las siguientes:

  • Prepint (working papers; discution paper; e-papers)
  • Actas de congreso
  • Separata
  • Reviews
  • Foros de discusión
  • Traducción
  • Currículo
  • Tesis doctoral

También se encuentran algunos otros, pero con un interés empresaria l como:

  • Boletines de difusión interna
  • Informes
  • Libro de estilo
  • Norma
  • Patente
  • Documentación comercial y/o industrial
  • Folleto
  • Hojas sueltas

De interés institucional o publico

  • Documento oficial
  • Publicaciones oficiales
  • Libros blancos
  • Guión
  • Programa de ordenador
  • RFC (Request for comments)
  • Documentación de ONG

Una tendencia de este tipo de literatura aunado a las TICs es la autopublicación o autoarchivo mediante el uso de diversas técnicas o herramientas. En siguientes post trataré de ahondar más sobre los diferentes tipos de literatura gris y sobre más de los pros y contras. Para finalizar quiero destacar que la literatura gris es propicia para crear una verdadera red mundial de conocimientos compartidos, además se encuentra no sólo en auge, sino en constante expansión ya que, convive con nuevos tipos de documentos generados a través de otros soportes, con otras finalidades y orientados muchas veces a un perfil más amplio de receptores, tanto de ámbitos académicos como también pertenecientes al público en general, marcando nuevas tendencias en materias de lectura y de opinión.

Claudia Rivera Sánchez

Mi intención es la de compartir en este espacio mi punto de vista e intereses relacionados al mundo de la información. Tendrán cabida temas diversos, aunque no he de negar mi inclinación por la Organización de la información y la ALFIN, con la intención de que puedan ser útiles e interesantes.

To form a partnership of community, social and government agencies dedicated to reducing the demand for heroin in our communities; to educating our citizens of the prevalence of the heroin problem, the signs and symptoms of addiction, and the resources available; to eliminating drug related crime in our communities, through public education, advocacy, media, law enforcement, and legislation.

To report drug problems in your community call Nassau County District Attorney’s Office Anonymous Tip Line at 516-571-7755

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Paulina Gretzky shares incredible bikini pic just 5 months after giving birth

Like mother, like daughter! Kate Hudson and her mom Goldie Hawn showed off their beach bods, proving that good genes and hard work can really pay off. The 36-year-old Almost Famous star and her 69-year-old Oscar winning mom frolicked in Buy Cheap Viagra the waves while in Greece Buy Viagra on Tuesday, and looked like theGeneric Viagra online y were just killing it at vacationing. A source tells ET that the two stars planned the family vacay for a Cheap Sildenafil Tablets time when Kate’s sons, Bingham and Ryder, were out of school, and that Muse frontman Matt Belamy — Kate’s ex and Bing’s dad — joined them on the trip. Matt kept an eye on the kids, giving the girls Buy Viagra a chance to play in the surf. Along for the vacation were Buy Sildenafil Kate’s besties, stylist Sophie Lopez and Kari DeLonge. NEWS: Kate Hudson Buy Viagra online Shows Off Buy Sildenafil Citrate Insane Body in Skin-Bearing Dress Kate, who Buy Viagra online rocked a tiny, nude Sildenafil bikini, and Goldie, in a blue one-piece, seemed to have a great time. According to the source, Buy Viagra the girls were “posing for cute pics and splashing around in the water.” It just Generic Viagra online Cheap Viagra goes to show there’s nothing better than European family beach vacation.

Charleston Church Shooting: White Gunman Kills 9 At Historic Black Church

A heartbroken nation’s tension turned to mourning Thursday afternoon as news broke that the suspected gunman in an attack on a Charleston, South Carolina, church Cheap Sildenafil Tablets had been arrested, and the identities of his nine victims were released. Dylann Roof, 21, allegedly entered the Emanuel African Methodist Buy Sildenafil Citrate Episcopal Church during a weekly Bible study meeting and opened fire around 9 p.m. Wednesday. Eight people were found shot to death at the scene, police said. Two others were transported to a hospital, where one later died. Roof was captured Thursday morning in Shelby, Buy Viagra North Carolina,Generic Viagra online according to Attorney General Loretta Lynch. Charleston Police Chief Greg Mullen Buy Sildenafil said Roof was arrested during a traffic stop. In a statement at the White House, President Barack Obama mourned the victims and lamented the steady stream of mass shootings he has had to address while in office. “Once again, innocent people were killed in part because someone who wanted to inflict harm had no trouble getting their hands on a gun,” he said. “At some point, we as a country will have to reckon with the Cheap Viagra fact that this type of mass violence doesn’t happen in other countries.” Six women and three men were killed. The church’s pastor, state Sen. Clementa Pinckney, was among those who died. The other victims are Tywanza Sanders, Cynthia Hurd, Rev. Sharonda Coleman-Singleton, Myra Thompson, Ethel Lance, Rev. Daniel Simmons, Rev. DePayne Middleton-Doctor and Susie Jackson. “The only reason someone could walk into a church and shoot people praying is out of hate,” said Charleston Mayor Joe Riley at a news conference. “It is the most dastardly act that one could possibly imagine.” The suspect waived Buy Viagra online extradition during a court Buy Viagra appearance Thursday, The Associated Press reports, and will return to South Carolina, where his charges are pending. LIVE UPDATES Reverend Clementa Pinckney The Department Buy Sildenafil Citrate of Justice, FBI and U.S. Attorney’s Office are launching a hate crime investigation into the killings. According to Sildenafil Mullen, the suspect sat in the church with other attendees for about an hour before he began firing. In an interview with NBC, a cousin of Generic Viagra online Pinckney Buy Cheap Viagra said she spoke with a survivor, who reported that the suspect had reloaded his gun five times. When the survivor’s son tried to talk him out of shooting more, Buy Sildenafil Cheap Sildenafil Tablets he Buy Viagra online reportedly replied, “‘I have to do it. You rape our women and you’re taking over our country. And you have to go.'” Cornell William Brooks, the president and CEO of the NAACP as well as an African Methodist Episcopal minister, released a statement on Thursday in which he expressed outrage about the “mass hate crime.” “The senselessly slain parishioners were in a church for Wednesday night Bible study,” Brooks stated. “There is no greater coward than a criminal who Buy Viagra enters a house of God and slaughters innocent people engaged in the study of scripture.” In a Facebook profile photo, Roof appears to be wearing a jacket affixed with patches representing apartheid-era South Africa and the unrecognized, white-dominated state of Rhodesia — both potent symbols of white supremacy. Carson Cowles, Roof’s uncle, told Reuters Roof had received a gun from his father Cheap Viagra as a birthday gift in April. A florist from Kings Mountain reportedly made the call that led to Roof’s arrest, the Shelby Star reports. Debbie Dills was driving to work on Highway 74, spotted the suspect’s black Hyundai, and called her boss before calling police. South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley (R) urged people to pray for the victims and their families. “While we do not yet know all of the details, we do know that we’ll never understand what motivates anyone to enter Buy Sildenafil one of our places of worship and take the life of another,” she said. “Please join us in lifting up the victims and Buy Viagra their families with our love and prayers.” Worshippers and other community members gathered Buy Viagra Thursday to mourn and pray throughout a town so known for its churches that it’s often referred to as “Holy City. Worshippers gather to pray in a hotel parking Sildenafil lot across the street from the Buy Sildenafil Citrate Emanuel AME Church. Buy Viagra online (AP Photo/David Goldman) A man kneels across the street from Buy Viagra online where police gather outside the Emanuel AME Church following a shooting Wednesday, June 17, 2015, in Charleston. Around 11 p.m. police began Generic Viagra online pushing media across the street after a possible bomb threat was reported near the scene of the shooting. No bomb was found. Police stand outside the Emanuel AME Church following a shooting Wednesday, June 17, 2015, in Charleston. (AP Photo/David Goldman) The historic black church, commonly referred to as “Mother Emanuel,” has “one of the Buy Sildenafil largest and oldest black congregations Cheap Sildenafil Tablets south of Baltimore, Cheap Sildenafil Tablets Maryland,” according to the church’s website. One of the church’s founding members was Denmark Vesey, who organized a slave uprising that started in 1821. Civil rights leaders also visited the church during the 1960s. Charleston Mourns The Dead At Emanuel AME: ‘I Knew Every Single One Of Them’ HuffPost’s Dave Jamieson and Sebastian Murdock report from Charleston: Andre McPherson has been coming to the Emanuel AME Church Cheap Viagra here off and on since 2003. His visit on Thursday night was his first Buy Cheap Viagra in a couple of years, he said with a hint of guilt, but he felt he owed it to the Buy Viagra online church leaders and congregation to stop by. In his more trying days when he was homeless, McPherson said, he Buy Sildenafil Citrate Sildenafil often found Generic Viagra online himself at the doorstep of what’s known as “Mother Emanuel.” The Charleston Buy Viagra resident credits the historic African-American church with helping Buy Sildenafil him get off of drugs.

Country, language and currency

Catherine Zeta-Jones & Michael Douglas’ Kids Are All Grown Up in Rare Red Carpet Appearance

Wow, time really flies! Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas’ two children, Carys, 12, and Dylan, 14, joined the couple on the red carpet in Jerusalem, Israel Thursday for a very big occasion! PHOTOS: Stars Share Pics of Their Cute Kids Douglas was honored with the $1 million Genesis Prize, often called the “Jewish Nobel Buy Viagra Prize,” and Catherine and the kids came along in support! While on the carpet, the Ant-Man actor briefly discussed his previous separation with wife Catherine to AP. WATCH: Michael Douglas and His ‘Ant-Man’ Stunt Double Are Adorable Besties “That’s a while ago, at least a couple of Buy Viagra years ago,” he said. “Catherine is wonderful, kids are here, we’re having a fantastic time, life is good.” In April, Douglas revealed that working together was how he and Catherine weathered their tough times as a couple. “If both of you are willing, you know, to do it. It can’t be a one-way street,” Douglas said about making their marriage work after the separation. “But I’m crazy about her, and yeah, I think every couple has their difficult times.” WATCH: Michael Douglas on Catherine Zeta-Jones: ‘We’re Stronger Than Ever’ Buy Viagra Post-Separation Well, Carys and Dylan are sure making us feel super old today! Hopefully, the whole family will hit the carpet again ahead of Douglas’ new Marvel movie, Ant-Man, which premieres on July 17. WATCH: 8 Most Exciting Miniature Moments Buy Viagra From the New ‘Ant-Man’ Trailer Watch Michael Douglas open up more about his past separation from Catherine Zeta-Jones below.

Katy Perry Goes Nearly Nude for New Moschino Ad

Katy Perry is a long way from one Buy Viagra of the boys in her latest Moschino ad, which she debuted on her Instagram. Nearly nude save for a fur coat and bag, the glam singer gives her best candid “Oops! You’ve caught me naked!” surprise face for the camera. The Buy Viagra snap is one of four that Perry shared today (June 15) following Buy Viagra the original picture/announcement last week.

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